TECNICAS


Nota Sanchin Kata
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Actuzalizado 2009-01-06

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Encontre esta nota que esta en ingles pero igualmente me parecio mu interesante acerca del Kata Sanchin. Es una entrevista realizada a un Maestro de la Escuela Goju Kai de Karate, Ingo de Jong, Hanshi-Shihan
I.K.G.A. Vice-Presidente (Europa)


Estoy publicando parte de la entrevista, quiza algun lector se anime a traducirla para los que no saben ingles.

Sanchin Kata - An article by Ingo de Jong, Hanshi-Shihan
I.K.G.A. Vice-President (Europe)

3. As there are two ways of doing Sanchin Kata, do you do Kanryo Higanno or Chojun Miyagi Sanchin Kata, can you show us the way you do Sanchin Kata in your style.

I am sorry to say that I have no knowledge of the two ways of sanchin kata performed by either K.Higaonna or C.Miyagi.
Having had the good fortune to have numerous indepth talks with the late Hanshi Gogen Yamaguchi on the ways of sanchin Kata and the importance of correct breathing, as well as having practised the kata for approx. 35 years under the tutelige of Seiko Shihan Goshi Yamaguchi I have made some observations. But I hasten to add, in all seriousness, that I am still improving my understanding of the kata as the years go by. All great things require time for growth. Here is an attempt to put into words some of my experience so far.


Sanchin Kata has many variants and can be approached from different angles. There is a visible manifestation of breathing (go) as well as an invisible (ju) function of breathing. In the earlier days of practising sanchin the more audable form of breathing was practised. Hand in hand with muscle tension. However as I gained more understanding I prefered to keep the upper part of the body more relaxed and the bottom half of the body more sturdy, feet firmly planted to the floor in a sanchin dachi position. Then concentrating the breath into the lower part of the body (approx.2- 3 inches below the navel) , one becomes more “rooted”so to speak. The analogy of a tree comes to my mind here., the roots firmly planted into the ground and the branches flexible moving with the wind. By having the upper part of the body slightly more relaxed I found I was able to move more efficiently. By concentrating on a spot about three inches inside, or rather at the back of the navel, inside the body and consciously think of power, I found after repeated practise that one could gather energy. This energy from below the navel than can be directed to various parts of the body by the mind, say for example to the fist, or the palm of the hand, like in Tensho etc. . In order to do this one has to practise power of concentration considerably.

The principle of directing the energy by the mind I would call the “invisible function”of breathing. The sound effects of the breathing became during later years of practising Sanchin or Tensho irrelevant. One can practise Kata Sanchin or Tensho silently or audible, either way, the important aspect is not the sound, but to control the breath and direct the energy flow. I find that the dynamic tension should not be overdone, lesser tension in the upper body will ease the energy flow.

4. It has been said to me over the years that Sanchin Kata is the most important Kata within our style of Karate – can you please explain this and why?

Correct breathing is one of the most important aspects in the practise of Karate –Do. Proper breathing is a science in itself. It is essential to our spiritual as well as to our physical health. Proper diaphragmatic breathing is basic to all martial arts as well as to all forms of meditation. . Inner power or energy is both mental and physical. The techniques–the mind- and the breath must work as a coherent whole. One must understand that these three principles are not separate from one another. Therefore, Kata Sanchin I am told means “three way battle” or conflict. The importance of Sanchin Kata lies in correct breathing and a correct stance, of course these two aspects are important to all Kata training. So therfore one could consider Kata Sanchin a foundation to all Kata’s within our system. However to state that Sanchin Kata is THE most important Kata in our art is perhaps an over-statement..In order to become proficient in the art one should consider all aspects of training of equal importance.


5. What benefits does Sanchin Kata have for our Students? The technique the mind (concentration) and the breath must function as a coherent whole. Regards too: - 1) Training 2) Health 3) Spirit 4) Mind set
The value of sanchin training as I understand it.


Regards to training
By training Sanchin Kata with proper breathing one learns about internal and external power. External power means power in action and movement, the internal power is the mental counterpart of each physical action.. Diligent sanchin practice teaches the student that mind and body work together and each must be aware of the other. By directing attention within and not wholly without,a doorway opens in what may have hitherto appeared to be a blind wall, those who after continues practice for a long time learn to pass through the doorway enter a new phase in their training. Prolonged and steady practice is the secret to success. .The value of sanchin training will be far better understood if students gain their own experience through daily training and thus test the value of the teachings for themselves.

Regards to health
When we inhale we take in fresh air, and by exhaling we breathe out the “used” air. This will bring about a cleansing action . Both inhaling and exhaling are done deeply by concentrating the breath in the lower abdomen, this form of deep breathing in coordination with tension in the lower part of the body (and to some degree in the upper part) will help to improve the blood circulation and provide the body with fresh oxygen.This will help to build up ones health in general and hopefully result in resistence to disease.

Spirit-Mind
Concentration means holding of the mind to a single idea at will.
The practitioner has to practice concentration, his attention should be focused upon the breath, holding the mind attentive to each breath. Such deliberate paying of attention to the job at hand extends the period of technical training in concentration and stimulates awareness of the energy flow within. Persistent efforts in practise of concentration is the first step towards control of thought. Control of thought will lead to self-mastery .


6. I have been training in Goju Kai Karate for a number of years, during my training I have under gone Sanchin Testing for training and Testing for Dan grades, can you explain the do’s and don’ts in Testing for Sanchin Kata?


In the earlier days of practise it was customary to test the students Sanchin Kata by slapping and hitting the body, even by punching etc..As one progresses and deepens the understanding of of the kata, one should test the power of the stances, the tightning of the buttocks in sanchin dachi, as well as making the student aware of lower abdominal breathing, as opposed to “high” chest breathing .For the more advanced students we stress the mental aspects of the Kata. The purpose, if any, of slapping and hitting, as done in the ealier days, was perhaps to test the students concentration power. Nowadays we put more emphasize on correct breathing when teaching the kata, and as stated previously, for the more advanced practitioners the mental aspects.


Editado PortalBudo
Editado PortalBudo

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